Project Reports

Our project aims to investigate the often troublesome and poorly understood relationship between democracy and the media in Central and Eastern Europe. All the reports produced from the work of our research team are available here. They highlight the research areas covered, our findings so far and reflect the evolving questions we are seeking to answer, encapsulated by our aim to investigate ‘What kind of democracy is necessary for the media to perform its statutory functions?’


Final Project Reports 

These final academic reports summarise the empirical findings assembled by the Senior Research Fellows’ employed by the project between 2009-2013.The reports are introduced by Professor Paolo Mancini and Professor Jan Zielonka, and draw together the main body of research undertaken by the research team, focusing on the project’s main analytical pillars:

1)            Media Ownership and Commercial Pressures (Václav Štětka)

2)            Media Regulation and Political Pressures (Péter Bajomi-Lázár)

3)            Journalistic Autonomy and Professionalisation (Henrik Örnebring)

4)            **Media and Political Culture (Ainius Lašas)

5)            **Media Impact on Political Orientations (Michał Wenzel)


An introduction to the final project reports (Paolo Mancini and Jan Zielonka)


** Originally we only envisaged three key research streams, or pillars, but the mid-term evaluation led to the creation of two additional pillars (led by Dr Lašas and Dr Wenzel).

Citation example

When referring to the country reports, please cite as follows:

Štětka, V (2013) Media Ownership and Commercial Pressures – Pillar 1 Final report. At [], downloaded on [DATE].



Second Year Thematic Reports

These three reports mainly analyse, from a comparative perspective, selected key political institutions in the ten CEE countries – political parties; elites; and the state – and their relationship to the media. The main thematic issues explored by the authors of the reports are: (1) the colonisation of the media by parties (Bajomi-Lazar), (2) the instrumentalisation of the media by political elites (Ornebring) and (3) state capacity vis-à-vis the media and telecommunications markets (Stetka).

Introduction - Terhi Rantanen

Parties, Organised Interest Groups and the Media – Péter Bajomi-Lázár

Elites, Democracy and the Media in Central and Eastern Europe - Henrik Örnebring

State, Market and the Media: Qualities of public administration and market regulation - Václav Štětka


Citation example

When referring to the thematic reports, please cite as follows:

Örnebring, H. (2012) Elites, Democracy and the Media in Central and Eastern Europe. At [], downloaded on [DATE].



First Year Country Reports

These reports contain the project's first year findings and present an overview of the transformation and current state of each of our ten countries' media landscapes, putting them into their demographic, economic and political context. They focus on print and electronic media market structures, on media regulation and the regulatory authorities, and on journalism culture.

The aim has been to present this information in such a way as to facilitate comparison across the ten nations studied, which is one of the project's next tasks. The findings are based on existing academic sources, documents and corporate materials, and a series of elite interviews conducted in 2010 and 2011. The reports were updated in 2011 and some also have been updated in 2012 where indicated.

Executive Summary

Bulgaria,    Czech Republic (updated 2012),    Estonia,    Hungary,    Latvia (updated 2012),   

Lithuania,    Poland,    Romania,    Slovakia (updated 2012),    Slovenia 

Citation example

When referring to the country reports, please cite as follows:

Bajomi-Lazar, P. (2011) Slovenia. A country report for the ERC-funded project on Media and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe. At [], downloaded on [DATE].